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The most popular and best-selling car audio products include loudspeakers which are responsible for sound quality in our cars. Whether we are listening to music, audiobooks or just to news on the radio, the clarity of sound will affect whether what reaches our ears will be pleasant or annoying, like traffic jams. It is worth getting to know the basic types of speakers, their parameters and features that will determine the quality of the sound they produce.
Built-in sound systems offered by various car manufacturers are often enough to listen to the radio and our favourite songs without any problems. However, this only applies to new vehicles in which we can choose the optional extras. The group of car audio products discussed here is dedicated to users buying used cars, in which the basic sound system does not meet their expectations. A noticeable trend is that people try to replace original sound systems with attractively priced devices, although their quality leaves much to be desired. Therefore, before making such a purchase, it is worth familiarizing oneself with the full range of products available on the market.
Depending on the categorizing criteria applied, there are hundreds of devices available on the market. They differ in shape, materials used, the type of sound desired; as well as many small, seemingly insignificant details that ultimately distinguish one product from the others. The most popular criterion is to categorize speakers depending on their frequency response. Here, we can distinguish:
Car speakers set:PHONOCAR-02091
Car speakers can also be divided depending on the number of drivers they have:
Although it is a less common division, sometimes speakers are categorized depending on construction. Here, we can distinguish:
When planning the purchase of a new loudspeaker set, it is worth taking into account the basic parameters describing the devices, as well as learning more about their structure. One of the basic elements of every loudspeaker is the diaphragm. It is the material from which it is built, on which the sound quality will depend to a large extent. Diaphragms are made, among others, from paper, polypropylene, aluminium or fiberglass, and their properties affect the sound clarity. The characteristic parameters of a diaphragm are rigidity (Cms), diameter (D) and the maximum diaphragm deflection (Xmx). Apart from the speaker’s diaphragm, it is also worth remembering about other parameters characterizing the speakers:
The difficulty of mounting car audio devices depends significantly on their location. Therefore, two cases are worth considering. The first one is seemingly much easier – the system is mounted in places dedicated for this purpose, i.e. the holes prepared by the manufacturer, in which the previous audio set was located. The second case involves modifying those holes by the user or by a third party, as instructed by the user. This way of mounting requires expertise and much more effort.
The location of the speakers is very schematic, regardless of the brand or model of the car. The most frequently used locations include the interior components such as car doors (their top or bottom parts), dashboard, boot, as well as front or rear pillars. It is obvious that the number of such places and the number of the speakers themselves depends significantly on the audio set chosen and the class of our vehicle. Mounting a sound system in the place of the previous set often determines its depth and diameter. Choosing a location for the speaker on our own allows us to pick any device, but requires interference with the already existing locations or simply adding new ones. Such locations should be adequately soundproofed using dedicated sound-absorbing accessories.
It is nearly the same case with the speaker enclosures, whose shape varies according to the model and brand of the car.
Please note that the accessories mentioned above should be compatible with the previously selected dedicated loudspeaker set. In order to finish the installation, proper camouflage of the sound system components is needed. For this purpose, we use the loudspeaker grilles.
Finishing the installation carefully not only influences the sound quality, but also ensures protection of its elements, which prolongs the service life of the sound system.
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